Basic wood finishing procedure that you should know.

Basic wood finishing procedure that you should know.

Wood finishing starts with < ">sanding either by hand (typically using a < ">sanding block or power < ">sander), < :">scraping, or < ">planing. Imperfections or nail holes on the surface may be filled using < ">wood putty or pores may be filled using wood filler. Often, the wood’s color is changed by < ">staining, < ">bleaching, or any of a number of other techniques.

Once the wood surface is prepared and stained, the finish is applied. It usually consists of several coats of < style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">wax, < style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">shellac, < style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">drying oil, < style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">lacquer, < style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">varnish, or < style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">paint, and each coat is typically followed by sanding.

Finally, the surface may be < style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">polished or buffed using < style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">steel wool, < style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">pumice, < style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">rotten stone or other materials, depending on the shine desired. Often, a final coat of wax is applied over the finish to add a degree of protection.

< style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">French polishing is a finishing method of applying many thin coats of shellac using a rubbing pad, yielding a very fine glossy finish.

< style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">Ammonia fuming is a traditional process for darkening and enriching the color of white oak. Ammonia fumes react with the natural tannins in the wood and cause it to change colours.< style="font-size:16px;color:#333333;">[1] The resulting product is known as "fumed oak".

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